Breed Standard

F.C.I.: 61/19.07.1993 SWISS BREED

UTILIZATION: Companion, watch and farm dog.

CLASSIFICATION FCI: Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer type – Molossian type and Swiss Cattle Dogs.

Section 2.2 Molossian type, Mountain type.

Without Working Trial.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: There are two varieties of the St. Bernard: Smooth-haired variety (double coat) – long-haired variety (rough coat). Both varieties are of a notable size and have a balanced, sturdy, muscular body with imposing head and alert facial expression.

BEHAVIOUR-TEMPERAMENT: Friendly by nature. Temperament calm to lively, watchful.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Ideal proportion for height at withers to body length (measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the ischium) = 5: 6.


General: Massive and imposing.

CRANIAL REGION: Skull strong, broad, seen in profile and from the front slightly rounded; sideways, it merges gently rounded into the strong developed high cheek bones, falling away steeply towards the muzzle. Occipital bone only moderately pronounced. Supraorbital ridges strongly developed. The frontal furrow, which rises at the forehead, gradually becomes less pronounced across the skull until it disappears when it

reaches the occiput. The skin of the forehead forms folds over the eyes which converge towards the frontal furrow. When the dog is animated, the folds become more pronounced. When alert, the set-on of the ear and the topline of the skull appear in a straight line.

Stop: Markedly pronounced.


Muzzle: Short with a slight groove. Even width. Nasal bridge straight. The length of muzzle shorter than its depth, measured at the root of the muzzle.

Nose: Black, broad and square. Nostrils well opened.

Lips: Edge of lips black. Flews of upper jaw strongly developed, pendulous, forming a wide curve towards the nose. Corner of mouth remains visible.

Teeth: Strong, regular and complete scissor or pincer bite. A reverse scissor bite is acceptable. Missing PM1 (premolar 1) tolerated.

Eyes: Medium size. Colour dark brown to hazel. Not too deep set, with a friendly expression. Eyelids as close as possible. The complete pigment of eye rims. The natural tightness of lids desired. A tiny fold (angular “pouch”) with only a little bit of the conjunctiva showing on lower lid permitted.

Ears: Medium size, set on high and wide. Strongly developed burr at the base. Ear lobes pliable, triangular with the tip rounded off. The back edge stands off slightly, the front edge lies close fitting to the cheeks.

NECK: Strong, dewlap not too exaggerated.


General: General appearance imposing and balanced.

Topline: Withers well defined. Straight from withers to the loin. Rump falls away gently and merges with the root of tail.

Back: Broad, strong and firm.

Chest: Brisket moderately deep with well-sprung ribs, but not reaching beyond the elbows.

Belly and Lower Line: Slight tuck up towards the rear.

TAIL: Set on broad and strong. Tail long and heavy. The last vertebra reaching at least to the hocks. When in repose, the tail hangs straight down or may turn gently upward in the lower third when animated, it is carried higher.



General: Stance rather broad, straight and parallel seen from the front.

Shoulders: Muscular, shoulder-blade oblique, well attached to the chest wall.

Upper arm: The same length or only slightly shorter than the shoulder-blade.

The angle between the shoulder blade and upper arm not too blunt.

Elbow: Well fitting.

Forearm: Straight, heavy boned, tautly muscled.

Pasterns: Vertical when seen from the front and at a slight angle seen from the side.

Forefeet: Broad, tight, with strong well-arched toes.


General: Hindquarters muscular with moderate angulation. Seen from the back, hind legs are parallel and not too close together.

Upper thigh: Strong, muscular with broad buttocks.

Stifle: Well angulated, turning neither in nor out.

Lower thigh: Slanting and rather long.

Hock joints: Slightly angulated and firm.

About the Saint Bernard